Carnegie, Andrew

SUBJECT AREA: Metallurgy
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b. 25 November 1835 Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
d. 11 August 1919 Lenox, Massachusetts, USA
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Scottish industrialist and philanthropist.
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Andrew Carnegie was a highly successful entrepreneur and steel industrialist rather than an engineer, but he made a significant contribution to engineering both through his work in industry and through his philanthropic and educational activities. His parents emigrated to the United States in 1848 and the family settled in Pennsylvania. Beginning as a telegraph boy in Pittsburgh in 1850, the young Carnegie rose through successful enterprises in railways, bridges, locomotives and rolling stock, pursuing a process of "Vertical integration" in the iron and steel industry which led to him becoming the leading American ironmaster by 1881. His interests in the Carnegie Steel Company were incorporated in the United States Steel Corporation in 1901, when Carnegie retired from business and devoted himself to philanthropy. He was particularly involved in benefactions to provide public libraries in the United States, Great Britain and other English-speaking countries. Remembering his ancestry, he was especially generous toward Scottish universities, as a result of which he was elected Rector of the University of St Andrews, Scotland's oldest university, by its students. Other large endowments were made for funds in recognition of heroic deeds, and he financed the building of the Temple of Peace at The Hague.
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Bibliography
1889, The Gospel of Wealth (sets out his views on the responsible use of riches).
Further Reading
J.F.Wall, 1989, Andrew Carnegie, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
AB

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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  • Carnegie, Andrew — born Nov. 25, 1835, Dunfermline, Fife, Scot. died Aug. 11, 1919, Lenox, Mass., U.S. U.S. industrialist and philanthropist. The son of a Scottish weaver, he emigrated to the U.S. with his family in 1848. A job in a telegraph office led to his… …   Universalium

  • Carnegie, Andrew — ► (1835 1919) Industrial estadounidense. Fundó la Carnegie Steel Company. Descubrió nuevos métodos en la fabricación del acero, obteniendo grandes beneficios, gran parte de ellos destinados a la fundación de instituciones culturales y benéficas.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Carnegie,Andrew — Car·ne·gie (kärʹnə gē, kär nāʹgē, nĕgʹē), Andrew. 1835 1919. Scottish born American industrialist and philanthropist who amassed a fortune in the steel industry and donated millions of dollars for the benefit of the public. * * * …   Universalium

  • CARNEGIE, ANDREW —    ironmaster, born in Dunfermline, the son of a weaver; made a large fortune by his iron and steel works at Pittsburg, U.S., out of which he has liberally endowed institutions and libraries, both in America and his native country; b. 1835 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Andrew Carnegie — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Andrew Carnegie Andrew Carnegie …   Wikipedia Español

  • Andrew Carnegie — (* 25. November 1835 in Dunfermline (Schottland); † 11. August 1919 in Lenox, Massachusetts) war ein aus Schottland stammender US amerikanischer Industrieller und Stahl …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carnegie-Stiftung — Andrew Carnegie Andrew Carnegie (* 25. November 1835 in Dunfermline (Schottland); † 11. August 1919 in Lenox, Massachusetts) war ein aus Schottland stammender US amerikanischer Industrieller und Stahl Tycoon. Geboren als Sohn eines Webers, wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carnegie Endowment for International Peace — Andrew Carnegie Andrew Carnegie (* 25. November 1835 in Dunfermline (Schottland); † 11. August 1919 in Lenox, Massachusetts) war ein aus Schottland stammender US amerikanischer Industrieller und Stahl Tycoon. Geboren als Sohn eines Webers, wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carnegie Corporation — Andrew Carnegie Pour les articles homonymes, voir Carnegie. Andrew Carnegie Andrew Carnegie (Dunfermline (Écosse) 25 novembre 18 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carnegie Public Library — Carnegie Bibliothek oder Carnegie Library ist der Name mehrerer Bibliotheken, deren Bau der US amerikanische Stahlmagnat und Philanthrop Andrew Carnegie finanzierte, um jedem den Zugang zu einer freien öffentlichen Bibliothek zu ermöglichen.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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